International Experiences of Educational Technology Policies: Lessons for Developing Countries
Since computer education was introduced into the educational systems in the developed world in the early 1980s, educational technology policies (ETPs) have become a hot issue, especially in the new millennium. Based on the comparative analysis approach, this study explained what the ETPs are and why and how the policy makers of USA, UK and China were interesting to develop several revised ETPs on the national levels. It finds that policy makers were keen to invest in ETPs because it contributes to the social and economic development, strengthens the national ideology and culture, and supports the educational reforms. Common factors shaping ETPs include policy or vision and authorizing implementation, teachers’ professional development, ICT for education infrastructure (digital learning resources, physical hardware infrastructure, internet connectivity in the educational institutions, education management information systems (EMIS) and national research and education networks), and educational technology standards for all of those people who are involved in the educational process.
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