TESOL and Technology Studies https://sabapub.com/index.php/tts <p>Journal of TESOL and Technology Studies is a peer-reviewed international journal, published by Saba Publishing. The aim of the journal is to provide a venue for academicians, researchers, and practitioners in the area of English language teaching and learning to share their theories, models, views, research results, and classroom practices for the benefit of all. All articles in this journal are published in English.</p> <p><strong>Editor in Chief: <a href="https://www.scopus.com/authid/detail.uri?authorId=35791372800" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Prof. Dr. Norizan Abdul Razak</a></strong><br /><strong>ISSN (online)</strong>: <a href="https://portal.issn.org/resource/ISSN/2709-6696" target="_blank" rel="noopener">2709-6696</a><br /><strong>Frequency:</strong> Semiannual</p> en-US Mon, 30 May 2022 22:40:11 +0000 OJS http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 A comparative Use of Traditional and Multimedia Modes of Teaching Curriculum Studies in English https://sabapub.com/index.php/tts/article/view/389 <p>This study explored students’ preferences on the use of traditional versus multimedia modes of course delivery at the University of Eswatini. Since the advent of technology, the use of traditional and multimedia modes of teaching has received a lot of attention in research. Students’ preferences regarding either being taught in a traditional or technological way is one of the areas that has been investigated intensively, yielding different conclusions. This study was a cross-sectional survey. For data collection, the study used a five-point anchored Likert-scale. Forty-three (43) participants participated in the study. They completed a questionnaire that sought their preferences on the mode of teaching between two courses, CTE 319/519 and CTE320/520.&nbsp; CTE319/519 was taught using multimedia, and CTE 320/520 was taught using the traditional mode. To establish the trends in the students’ preferences, data were analyzed using the statistical package for social science (SPSS), mainly descriptive statistics. The <em>mean, frequencies</em>, <em>modes</em>, and <em>standard deviation</em> were the major domains for data interpretation. The results revealed that the students preferred the use of multimedia over the traditional mode of course delivery. However, when the data were further analyzed using the age-range, the older generation performed better than the younger generation in their preferences on the use of multimedia when teaching. Overall, the results have implications for the integration of multimedia technology when teaching English courses at tertiary.</p> Patrick Mthethwa Copyright (c) 2022 TESOL and Technology Studies https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://sabapub.com/index.php/tts/article/view/389 Mon, 30 May 2022 00:00:00 +0000 ESL Lecturers’ Adaptation to the New-Norm of Online Teaching in Malaysia https://sabapub.com/index.php/tts/article/view/334 <p>Since March 2020 in Malaysia, tertiary educational sectors have been forced to shift to online classrooms under the Movement Control Order (MCO). The abrupt change to online learning has affected educators’ style of teaching and in navigating themselves for online classrooms. This study aimed to investigate ESL lecturers’ adaptation to online teaching and learning during the outbreak of COVID-19 in Malaysia. This paper adopted a case-study approach with four lecturers were interviewed. The findings of this study indicate that lecturers use online platforms such as Google Meet, Zoom. Additional applications such as Kahoot, Quizizz and Padlets are also used to reinforce students’ English skills. Additionally, issues on the effectiveness of online learning such as Internet connectivity, the paradigm shift from traditional to online classrooms are highlighted by the participants. The findings also highlighted other factors, such as understanding motivational strategies, language learner’s needs, and Sociocultural factors. This paper provides ramifications of online learning such as incentive, laptop rental, and mastering the applications of technology in education.</p> Muhammad Syafiq Zulkifli, Nur Nadiah Badrul Hisham, Norizan Abdul Razak Copyright (c) 2022 TESOL and Technology Studies https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://sabapub.com/index.php/tts/article/view/334 Mon, 30 May 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Language Teaching in the New Normal: A Comparative Study between Malaysia and Iraq https://sabapub.com/index.php/tts/article/view/434 <p>Covid-19 has a severe impact on the way we teach and learn today. As the global pandemic has severely impacted our education sector, adaptation is much needed in the way we teach and learn as we adapt to the new normal. This comparative study involves four sets of data involving two teachers from Malaysia and two teachers from Iraq. The researchers interviewed the respondents and sorted their feedbacks according to the themes of this study. The study reveals the differences and similarities in how teachers adapt to the new way of teaching English and teaching methods for receptive and productive English skills to high school students in both countries. It also reveals teachers’ opinions on using first language materials in their English teaching. The study highlights the teaching theories and principles applied by teachers in both countries in teaching in the new normal. The study also reveals that the respondents managed to adapt authentic teaching and learning materials for online teaching and revamped their lesson plans and timetables. The respondents also used the Telegram application to share teaching and learning materials and connect with their students. All respondents agree with the use of first language materials in teaching English and the role of teachers to motivate students in learning English in the new normal. Finally, the study reveals that all respondents from both countries manage to adapt to the new teaching method in the pandemic.</p> Abdul Azim Mahda, Azhar Sarkhi, Norizan Abdul Razak Copyright (c) 2022 TESOL and Technology Studies https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://sabapub.com/index.php/tts/article/view/434 Mon, 30 May 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Exploring Teachers’ Level of Use of Critical Thinking in Moroccan High Schools https://sabapub.com/index.php/tts/article/view/349 <p>Critical thinking is one of many learning skills necessary to prepare learners for post-secondary education and eventually the workplace. Every individual needs critical thinking skills to be successful in finding solutions to problems in everyday life. Examining the issue of critical thinking seems to be very essential not only for EFL learners but also for language teachers and syllabus designers. The main objective of this research is to investigate teachers’ level of use of critical thinking in the classroom. The population for this study is composed of Moroccan English language high school teachers. The population consisted of both males and females. A survey questionnaire was used to gather data. The quantitative data was analysed using descriptive statistics of means and percentages. The results indicated that the level of teachers’ use of critical thinking is (M=2,63). The average to poor results obtained by the participants concerning their level of use of critical thinking may have several distinctive interpretations. Therefore, further research is required to examine the relationship between teachers’ level of use of critical thinking and their attitudes.</p> Youssouf Laabidi Copyright (c) 2022 TESOL and Technology Studies https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://sabapub.com/index.php/tts/article/view/349 Mon, 30 May 2022 00:00:00 +0000 The Quality of Online English Learning during Covid-19 pandemic: A Study on English Undergraduate Students in A Conflict Zone https://sabapub.com/index.php/tts/article/view/51-65 <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; This study attempts to investigate the quality of online English learning from the perceptions of the undergraduate ESL students during the lock downs due to Covid-19 pandemic in the conflict zone, Kashmir, India. It tries to examine three issues related to the quality dimensions of e-learning. Based on judgmental sampling technique, the sample responds to a five-likert survey comprising 18 questions after being taught via online mode for 3 months, followed by a structured-interview with a part of the sample selected randomly. Findings indicate that the e-learners have expressed diverse opinions with regard to course objectives matching with learning needs, effectiveness of online teaching methods and efficiency of online assessment. Findings reveal that majority of the students may not be able to identify their learning needs or decide about the quality of e-assessment system while a great number of the students perceive online teaching methods as less effective. It can be concluded that students are not pleased with the current mode of e-learning unless it goes under strict discipline and better approach and previous training. E-learning cannot be an alternative to formal education in a conflict zone unless intensive efforts and regular evaluation are made keeping in mind the students’ learning needs and feedback in relation to all dimensions of quality of e-learning.</p> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> Iftikhar Yusuf Abdulmoghni Saeed Al-Ariqi, Mir Mohsin Copyright (c) 2022 TESOL and Technology Studies https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://sabapub.com/index.php/tts/article/view/51-65 Mon, 30 May 2022 00:00:00 +0000