Gendered Discourses in Moroccan EFL Textbooks: A Critical Discourse Analysis

https://doi.org/10.48185/spda.v1i1.62

Authors

  • Driss Benattabou School of Arts and Humanities, Moulay Ismail University, Meknes, Morocco

Keywords:

Gender Bias, textbook, Critical discourse analysis, Female and male representation, social exclusion

Abstract

The general objective of this paper is to examine the problem of gender inequality in Moroccan textbooks of English as a foreign language (MEFL). Nine MEFL textbooks published and sponsored by the Ministry of Education in Morocco have been sampled to serve this purpose. The written discourse of these textbooks has been examined employing Van Dijk (1995, 2001); Wodak (2001); and Fairclough’s (1989) theoretical framework of Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA). The results of this inquiry do suggest that much remains to be done regarding the predominance of male-centered patterns characterizing the discoursal practices of these textbooks. There is a general tendency to depict women as subservient housewives, subordinate, disempowered, marginalized, silenced, and even excluded from the written text. Their portrayal is sill connected with less intelligence, lack of independence, submissiveness, and social inferiority. The sampled textbooks are fraught with myriad instances of power relations of dominance and hegemony, thereby accentuating the gender gap between the two sex groups to men’s favor.

Author Biography

Driss Benattabou, School of Arts and Humanities, Moulay Ismail University, Meknes, Morocco

         Driss Benattabou, Ph.D., is Professor of Applied linguistics and Gender Studies. He obtained his Ph.D in Applied Linguistics from the Department of English Studies, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Moulay Ismail University, Meknes, Morocco. He has over thirty-three years experience in teaching Applied linguistics and Gender Studies. He has also been teaching Applied Linguistics, General Linguistics, Research Methods, Oral Communication, Public Speaking, Professional and Academic Writing. He has a number of publications and papers presented at national and international journals. He is a member of the following Networks/ Associations: Research Laboratory of “Applied Linguistics & Language Development", Member of Doctoral Program: "Applied Linguistics," School of Arts and Humanities Moulay Ismail University of Meknes, Morocco, and member of the Moroccan Inter-University Network of English (MINE). He is also a member of the Research Laboratory entitled “Discourse, Creativity, Society, and Religions (DISCRESORS), Sidi Mohammed University, Fes-Saiss.

        Prof. Driss Benattabou supervised many PhD. dissertations and presided the jury of many public defense sessions. He is the reviewer of some national and international journals and proceedings. He is a member of the editorial board of the Proceedings on Media, Culture and Education, hosted at the department of English, Moulay Ismail University, 2010. He has also been participating very actively as a member or as a president of the board committee concerned with the recruitment of university teachers or the evaluation of their on-going progress along the academic scales of the department.

Published

2020-12-31

How to Cite

Benattabou, D. (2020). Gendered Discourses in Moroccan EFL Textbooks: A Critical Discourse Analysis. Studies in Pragmatics and Discourse Analysis, 1(1), 1–19. https://doi.org/10.48185/spda.v1i1.62