Studies in Pragmatics and Discourse Analysis <p>Studies in Pragmatics and Discourse Analysis(SPDA) is a peer reviewed international journal published by Saba Publishing. The aim of the journal is to provide a venue for language researchers to share theories, views and research results in areas of Pragmatics, Discourse Analsyis, CDA, and Interlangauge Pragmatics.</p> <p><strong>Editor in Chief: Dr. <span class="_5yl5"><a class="docTitle" title="" href=";partnerID=5ESL7QZV&amp;md5=59d5e97248a907b4e579946dd415784a">Naimah Ahmad </a><a class="docTitle" title="" href=";partnerID=5ESL7QZV&amp;md5=59d5e97248a907b4e579946dd415784a">Al-Ghamdi</a></span></strong><br /><strong>ISSN (online): </strong><a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">2709-9555</a><br /><strong>Frequency:</strong> Semiannual</p> en-US Wed, 30 Jun 2021 18:36:28 +0000 OJS 60 A Study of Moroccan University EFL Learners’ Pragmatic Failure: The Case of Using Expressive Speech Acts <p>This study aims at investigating Moroccan University EFL learners’ pragmatic failures while using expressive speech acts in their oral communication. It examines pragmatic failure committed by Moroccan university EFL students at the level of trying to communicate and express their feelings, state of pleasure, ideas, and psychological attitudes. It further discusses the main sources of the pragmatic failures and provides suggestions for college English teaching. The data are collected and measured quantitatively by means of a multiple choice questionnaire and qualitatively by means of interviewing. That is, the study combines two research methods for more valid and credible data findings. The paper findings showed that the vast majority of subjects committed pragmatic failures across the five given situations and few were pragmatically successful. Therefore, our participants’ responses confirmed that university students are pragmatically incompetent and this would prevent them from expressing themselves successfully in spite of the fact that they may be grammatically competent. The results also showed that a considerable number of students are unable to identify expressions used in formal and informal situations.</p> Zaid Hmouri Copyright (c) 2021 Studies in Pragmatics and Discourse Analysis Wed, 30 Jun 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Re-contextualisation and the Transformation of Meanings: A Critical Discourse Analysis of the Islamic State Pedagogical Discourse in Iraq <p>This article is an attempt to investigate the recontextualisation and transformation process involved in the pedagogic discourse of Islamic State classroom textbooks during its takeover of some parts of Iraq. The article uses an eclectic analytical framework comprising Bernstein's pedagogical model of recontextualization, Linell's levels of recontextualization, Fairclough's concept of genre mixing, Wodak's discourse-historical approach (DHA), and Barthes' model of visual semiotics. These mixed approaches are applied to the analysis of a variety of visual images of Islamic State published textbooks and classroom pedagogic visual aids downloaded from different websites. It is found that the meaning of the pedagogic discourse is transformed via interdiscursive recontextualisation processed in two reversal directions: a militarization of pedagogic discourse and a pedagogization of decapitation practice. Recontextualisation is exceptionally significant with regard to Islamic State jihadist pedagogic discourse that is reframed historically and ideologically to suit an extreme sense of religious intolerance which Islamic State prioritizes as a foundation of regaining and refreshing their lost Islamic caliphate.</p> Khalid Shakir Hussein Copyright (c) 2021 Studies in Pragmatics and Discourse Analysis Wed, 30 Jun 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Strategies and mitigation devices in the speech act of disagreement in American English <p>The present study aimed at exploring the strategies of disagreement and hedging devices used by native speakers of English. The study elicited the informants’ reactions when disagreeing with higher, equal, and lower status. The responses were analyzed using Brown and Levinson’s (1987) politeness model and Hyland’s (1998) hedging taxonomy. Discourse completion test data was analyzed both quantitatively and qualitatively. The findings revealed that native speakers of American English used positive politeness strategies considerably with higher and equal status interlocutors (father, teacher, and friends). The respondents were concerned with saving their interlocutors’ positive face regardless of their social distance and power. The only significant difference, in terms of strategy selection, was identified in highly face-threatening contexts (accusation), where the informants opted for bald on record politeness strategies because of the seriousness of the interlocutor’s (supervisor) claims (plagiarism). The data showed also that native speakers relied on hedges considerably to mitigate their disagreements.</p> Hassen Khammari Copyright (c) 2021 Studies in Pragmatics and Discourse Analysis Wed, 30 Jun 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Reasons Behind Mis/Understanding English Conversational Implicatures by University Learners in Yemen <p>English, as a communication tool, plays an extremely significant role in cross-cultural communication. While it is true that language users can mean exactly what they mean in their utterances, it is also true that they can have their utterances mean much more than what they say. Speakers of English speak indirectly, and using conversational implicatures is a way to be indirect. And as sentences often express messages above and beyond their literal meanings, it is not surprising that pragmatic errors are found in language learning process of EFL learners' communication. Therefore, this study aims at investigating the factors beyond misunderstanding or understanding of English conversational implicatures among Yemeni EFL university learners. It follows an empirical analytical-descriptive method consisting of a test and an interview. Randomly, 50% of the study population was selected as the study sample. They were 62 Yemeni EFL university learners. A multiple-choice discourse completion test ( MCDCT ) and a semi structure interview were used for collecting the study data. The test contained eleven types of conversational implicature The collected data was analyzed quantitatively and qualitatively. The results reveal that different factors caused misinterpretation of conversational implicatures among Yemeni EFL learners. However, the differences in socio-cultural knowledge and indirectness are instrumental in the misunderstanding of conversational contexts in the study. While the familiarity of some conversational implicatures and formulaic pattern of others pose no challenge for the study subjects to interpret some of the test conversational implicatures. The study test conversational implicatures that are formulaic or familiar to the subjects are easy to grasp. Therefore, this study provides some recommendations that are expected to enable EFL university learners to develop their pragmatic competence regarding English conversational implicature and suggests a reconsideration of the existing methodologies on teaching English as a foreign language. Hence, this would ease the concern of EFL students about English conversational implicature, build up their confidence and enhance language learning.</p> Haifa Nassar Copyright (c) 2021 Studies in Pragmatics and Discourse Analysis Wed, 30 Jun 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Social Media and Fake News in Nigeria: A Speech Act Analysis of WhatsApp Messages on Coronavirus <p>The evolution of social media has opened a new vista in digital communication across the world, Nigeria inclusive. Since the confirmation of the index case of Coronavirus in Nigeria, a lot of news on the subject which are largely considered by the World Health Organization to be false, had gone viral on the social media space. This study essentially examines some of those messages on WhatsApp that were circulated across Nigeria. Five WhatsApp messages collected between March – June, 2020 were analysed using the framework of Austin’s Speech Acts with insights from the Conversational Maxims of Grice’s Cooperative Principles. The main objective of this analysis is to unravel the communicative effects of language. Findings show that the writers of those WhatsApp messages carefully manipulate some linguistic features to make such messages perform some illocutionary acts as well as trigger some perlocutionary moves in the minds of the readers. This buttresses the fact that language is used to achieve both linguistic and non linguistic aims.</p> Godwin Ayigbo Owojecho Copyright (c) 2021 Studies in Pragmatics and Discourse Analysis Wed, 30 Jun 2021 00:00:00 +0000